Ecosystem Services and Environmental Governance: Comparing China and the U.S.

Date

2014

Authors

Costanza, Robert
Liu, Shuang

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia

Abstract

The concept of ecosystem services (the benefits people derive from functioning ecosystems) is beginning to change the way we view the relationshipbetweenhumansandtherestofnature. To the extent that we view humanity as embedded in and interdependent with the rest of nature, rather than viewing nature as separate from people or even as an adversary, our whole approach to environmental research, governance and management changes. These ongoing changes are discussed with reference to the evolving situations in China and the United States. The most significant effects on governance are the needs to shift to a more transparent and participatory approach and a broader recognition of the public goods/ commonpropertycharacteristicsofecosystems and their services. The main questions are: (i) to what extent do prevailing governance arrangements in China and the United States facilitate and/or hinder efforts to effectively manage ecosystem services?; and (ii) are there adjustments that are both politically feasible and likely to make a difference in these terms? We conclude that while China and the United States represent two almost polar opposite startingpoints,especiallyasconcernsproperty rights, there is significant convergence, and the concept of ecosystem services can help accelerate this positive trend.

Description

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Citation

Source

Asia & The Pacific Policy Studies

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

DOI

10.1002/app5.16

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