Translating experimental paradigms into individual-differences research: Contributions, challenges, and practical recommendations

Date

2019-03

Authors

Goodhew, Stephanie Catherine
Edwards, Mark

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Abstract

Psychological science has long been cleaved by a fundamental divide between researchers who experimentally manipulate variables and those who measure existing individual-differences. Increasingly, however, researchers are appreciating the value of integrating these approaches. Here, we used visual attention research as a case-in-point for how this gap can be bridged. Traditionally, researchers have predominately adopted experimental approaches to investigating visual attention. Increasingly, however, researchers are integrating individual-differences approaches with experimental approaches to answer novel and innovative research questions. However, individual differences research challenges some of the core assumptions and practices of experimental research. The purpose of this review, therefore, is to provide a timely summary and discussion of the key issues. While these are contextualised in the field of visual attention, the discussion of these issues has implications for psychological research more broadly. In doing so, we provide eight practical recommendations for proposed solutions and novel avenues for research moving forward.

Description

Keywords

attention, correlational, experimental, individual differences, methodology, reliability, variability, visual attention

Citation

Source

Consciousness and Cognition

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

DOI

10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.008

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