Wheeled vehicle terminology in Australian languages

Date

2020

Authors

Nash, David

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Wakefield Press

Abstract

Indigenous Australians' original encounters with wheeled vehicles have led to their forming terminology in their languages to denote this concept (or concepts). I survey the words in Australia which encompass 'wheeled vehicle' and 'motor vehicle' as a sense, and some related terminology (vehicle parts, related actions) and some cultural associations. In areas where non-motor vehicles were already known, those terms were simply extended (loans of 'cart', 'wheelbarrow', but apparently not 'wagon' or 'dray'). Where the first encountered vehicles were motorised, a relevant borrowing from English is common (such as from 'motor car', 'truck'). Sometimes an existing word of the language has its meaning extended, so for instance a 'coolamon' word acquires the sense 'vehicle, boat'. Sometimes a shared attribute is metonymically chosen (for instance 'fast', or the manufacturer's name). Coinages are based on shape, sound, or action.

Description

Keywords

Citation

Source

Type

Book chapter

Book Title

More than mere words: Essays on language and linguistics in honour of Peter Sutton

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

Restricted until

2099-12-31