What caused extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna of Sahul?

Date

2016

Authors

Johnson, Christopher N.
Alroy, John
Beeton, Nicholas J.
Bird, Michael I.
Brook, Barry
Cooper, Alan
Gillespie, Richard
Herrando-Perez, S.
Jacobs, Zenobia
Miller, Gifford Hubbs

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Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Royal Society of London

Abstract

During the Pleistocene, Australia and New Guinea supported a rich assemblage of large vertebrates. Why these animals disappeared has been debated for more than a century and remains controversial. Previous synthetic reviews of this problem have typically focused heavily on particular types of evidence, such as the dating of extinction and human arrival, and have frequently ignored uncertainties and biases that can lead to misinterpretation of this evidence. Here, we review diverse evidence bearing on this issue and conclude that, although many knowledge gaps remain, multiple independent lines of evidence point to direct human impact as the most likely cause of extinction.

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Citation

Source

Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences

Type

Journal article

Book Title

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Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1098/rspb.2015.2399

Restricted until

2037-12-31