Agra: Taj Mahal, Side Portal

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Photographer: Arthur Llewellyn Basham

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Forming an effective contrast to the major building of the Taj Mahal (of which more later), are the subsidiary buildings of the compound constructed in red sandstone - the favorite building material of the Mogul rulers for secular structures of a secondary importance or in the substructures of larger imperial residences. Marble was reserved for tombs and palaces for the most part, although some mosques, like that previously discussed in slide 17, were built in this material. In contrast to the main building of the mausoleum, too, are the proportions of the two side portals of the grounds. As we can see, the two-storied building is strong and sturdy looking with undecorated exterior walls, a mere three windowed second-story veranda and a rather squat little cupola supported in a hat-like fashion above the flat roofline. Elegance does not characterize the structure for it did not need to: function and function only dictated its indelicate form.

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Mughal Architecture-- Agra-- Taj Mahal, Agra, architecture, landscape

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This item is provided for research purposes. Contact the Australian National University Archives at butlin.archives@anu.edu.au for permission to use.

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