Orientation-dependent stereo Wigner time delay and electron localization in a small molecule

Date

2018

Authors

Vos, J
Cattaneo, L
Patchkovskii, Serguei
Zimmermann, T
Cirelli, C
Lucchini, m
Kheifets, Anatoli
Landsman, A.S.
Keller, Ursula

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Volume Title

Publisher

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Abstract

Attosecond metrology of atoms has accessed the time scale of the most fundamental processes in quantum mechanics. Transferring the time-resolved photoelectric effect from atoms to molecules considerably increases experimental and theoretical challenges. Here we show that orientation- and energy-resolved measurements characterize the molecular stereo Wigner time delay. This observable provides direct information on the localization of the excited electron wave packet within the molecular potential. Furthermore, we demonstrate that photoelectrons resulting from the dissociative ionization process of the CO molecule are preferentially emitted from the carbon end for dissociative 2Σ states and from the center and oxygen end for the 2Π states of the molecular ion. Supported by comprehensive theoretical calculations, this work constitutes a complete spatially and temporally resolved reconstruction of the molecular photoelectric effect.

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Citation

Source

Science

Type

Journal article

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DOI

10.1126/science.aao4731

Restricted until

2037-12-31