One-Step Rapid and Scalable Flame Synthesis of Efficient WO3 Photoanodes for Water Splitting

Date

2018-04-16

Authors

Chen, Hongjun
Bo, Renheng
Tran, Phu Thanh
Liu, Guanyu
Tricoli, Antonio

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH &Co. KGaA

Abstract

Photoelectrochemical water splitting is a promising approach for the carbon‐free production of hydrogen using sunlight. Here, robust and efficient WO3 photoanodes for water oxidation were synthesized by the scalable one‐step flame synthesis of nanoparticle aerosols and direct gas‐phase deposition. Nanostructured WO3 films with tunable thickness and band gap and controllable porosity were fabricated by controlling the aerosol deposition time, concentration, and temperature. Optimal WO3 films demonstrate superior water oxidation performance, reaching a current density of 0.91 mA at 1.24 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) and an incident photon‐to‐current conversion efficiency (IPCE) of ca. 61 % at 360 nm in 0.1 m H2SO4. Notably, it is found that the excellent performance of these WO3 nanostructures arises from the high in situ restructuring temperature (ca. 1000 °C), which increases oxygen vacancies and decreases charge recombination at the WO3/electrolyte interface. These findings provide a scalable approach for the fabrication of efficient photoelectrodes based on WO3 and other metal oxides for light‐driven water splitting.

Description

Keywords

flame synthesis, photoanodes, water splitting, WO3

Citation

Source

ChemPlusChem

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

DOI

10.1002/cplu.201800061

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