Left in the Dark? Oil and Rural Poverty

Date

2018

Authors

Brock, Smith
Wills, Samuel

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

The University of Chicago Press

Abstract

Do oil booms reduce rural poverty and inequality? To study this we measure rural poverty by counting people who live in darkness at night: combining high-resolution global satellite data on night-time lights and population from 2000 to 2013. We develop a measure that accurately identifies 74% of households as above or below the extreme poverty line when compared to over 600,000 household surveys. We find that both high oil prices and new discoveries increase illumination and GDP nationally. However, they also promote regional inequality because the increases are limited to towns and cities with no evidence that they benefit the rural poor.

Description

Keywords

Night-time lights, Oil, Poverty measurement, regional inequality, Rural poverty, Urbanization

Citation

Source

Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economist

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1086/698512

Restricted until

2099-12-31