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Knowledge systems approaches for enhancing project impacts in complex settings: community fire management and peatland restoration in Indonesia




Robins, Lisa
van Kerkhoff, Lorrae
Rochmayanto, Yanto
Sakuntaladewi, Niken
Agrawal, Sumali

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Springer Berlin Heidelberg


Knowledge systems approaches for enhancing the impact of research are well established and tend to focus on the ways in which researchers can adapt their engagement with stakeholders to achieve a better “ft” between research and action agendas. Yet, these approaches are often based on explicit or implicit assumptions of a skilled and willing research team, and stable and well-defned stakeholders, who have consistent and reasonably well-defned needs. This paper discusses how knowledge systems approaches were developed and deployed in the frst phase of the Gambut Kita (Our Peatland) project on community fre management and peatland restoration in Indonesia (2017–2021). This was a complex project with a large multi-disciplinary team situated across dynamic institutions in Indonesia and Australia, and addressing a politically controversial topic. To capture the diverse experience of the researchers, and to focus on the needs of stakeholders, we developed a sequence of whole-of-project approaches comprising the following: (i) stakeholder mapping exercises at three nested scales combining stakeholder analysis, knowledge systems mapping and impact pathways analysis; (ii) a project coordinating committee of high-level Indonesian policy-makers and policy-infuencers; (iii) a stakeholder engagement forum and (iv) online policy dialogues. We demonstrate its efects through the case of developing an Indonesian Peat Fire Danger Rating System (Peat FDRS), as a core project deliverable. Over 4 years, these structured stakeholder engagement processes gave rise to a Peat FDRS Stakeholder Engagement Network (a multi-institutional working group), which is making signifcant progress in navigating the complexity inherent in realising an accurate Indonesian Peat FDRS.



Peatland fire, Impact pathways, Indonesia, Policy, Stakeholder engagement, Stakeholder mapping



Regional Environmental Change


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Open Access

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Creative Commons Attribution License



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