This thesis argues that the phenomenon known as Melayu is not a solidary unit, but rather, in its very nature, a hierarchical gradation of being. In this study, I explore the implications and consequences of such hierarchisation. I argue that in Riau the basis of hierarchy is the sultanate. Even without the existence of the sultanate as an institutional reality, an ideology of statehood seems to suffice. Such an ideology derives from the mythologised past when the sultanate did exist...[Show more]
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