The rise and fall of the Big Five of Penang and their regional networks, 1800s-1900s
The rise of Penang, a small island off the north-western coast of the Malay Peninsula, as a bustling trading port and prosperous business centre in the nineteenth century has always been regarded as the result of the British free trade and free port policies. The story of Penang, argue, would be incomplete without the Big Five Hokkien families (the Khoo, the Cheah, the Yeoh, the Lim, and the Tan). It was the Big Five who played a preponderant role in transforming Penang into not only a...[Show more]
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