Haenga-Collins, Maria; Gibbs, Anita
In New Zealand between 1955 and 1985 over 45,000 closed stranger adoptions took place. The Adoption Act 1955 promoted the closed adoption of many Indigenous Ma ̄ori children into Pa ̄keha ̄(white European) families. Such adoptions severed the ancestral, familial and cultural connections for thousands of Ma ̄ori children. Although the Adoption Act 1955 is still the current legislation in place in New Zealand, the late 1970s saw open adoption become accepted best practice. Yet it was not until...[Show more]
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