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Freeze/Thaw-Induced Embolism: Probability of Critical Bubble Formation Depends on Speed of Ice Formation

Sevanto, Sanna; Holbrook, N. Michele; Ball, Marilyn


Bubble formation in the conduits of woody plants sets a challenge for uninterrupted water transportation from the soil up to the canopy. Freezing and thawing of stems has been shown to increase the number of air-filled (embolized) conduits, especially in trees with large conduit diameters. Despite numerous experimental studies, the mechanisms leading to bubble formation during freezing have not been addressed theoretically. We used classical nucleation theory and fluid mechanics to show which...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2012-06-06
Type: Journal article
Source: Frontiers in Plant Science
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00107


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