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Designs on Indonesia's Muslim Communities

George, Kenneth M.


ON OCTOBER 15, 1991, HAJI MUHAMMAD SOEHARTO, President of Indonesia, became the first official calligrapher for the Al-Qur'an Mushaf Istiqlal-The National Independence Illuminated Qur'an-by inking in the initial letter of the Basmallah in the opening sura (Al-Fatihah, the prologue; see Fig. 1). Four years later, just after commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of Indonesian independence, he put the finishing touch to the closing sura of the Qur'an (An-Naas, or "Humanity," Sura...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 1998-08
Type: Journal article
Source: The Journal of Asian Studies
DOI: 10.2307/2658738


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