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Cross-national gender differences in the socioeconomic factors associated with smoking in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea

French, Davina J.; Jang, Soong-nang; Tait, Robert J.; Anstey, Kaarin

Description

Objectives: We compared rates of smoking among those aged 45 years and older in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea, and examined cross-national gender differences in key socioeconomic differentials in smoking. Methods: We conducted weighted analyses on cross-sectional data from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2006. Results: Current smoking was more prevalent for males than females in all countries; the gender difference was largest in Korea. Being...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorFrench, Davina J.
dc.contributor.authorJang, Soong-nang
dc.contributor.authorTait, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorAnstey, Kaarin
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-03T00:26:11Z
dc.date.available2013-01-03T00:26:11Z
dc.identifier.issn1661-8556
dc.identifier.issn1661-8564
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/9546
dc.description.abstractObjectives: We compared rates of smoking among those aged 45 years and older in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea, and examined cross-national gender differences in key socioeconomic differentials in smoking. Methods: We conducted weighted analyses on cross-sectional data from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2006. Results: Current smoking was more prevalent for males than females in all countries; the gender difference was largest in Korea. Being unpartnered increased the likelihood of smoking in all countries, while greater wealth reduced it. In Korea these effects interacted with gender; both indicators showed larger differentials among women than men. Lower educational attainment increased the likelihood of smoking for all groups except Korean women, among whom high school educated women were less likely to smoke than the tertiary educated. Conclusions: Our findings support a cultural interpretation of gender differences in smoking: in countries with low gender empowerment, gender differences in smoking are greater. With increasing divorce and female tertiary education rates in nations like Korea, we highlight the need for health promotion messages targeted towards older and more educated women.
dc.format23 pages
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.rightsArticle is protected by copyright and all rights are held exclusively by Swiss School of Public Health...use the accepted author's version for posting to your own website or your institutional repository - from author's email dated 20/12/2012
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Public Health
dc.source.urihttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00038-012-0430-5
dc.subjectsmoking
dc.subjectolder adults
dc.subjectgender differences
dc.subjectAustralia
dc.subjectUnited States of America
dc.subjectSouth Korea
dc.titleCross-national gender differences in the socioeconomic factors associated with smoking in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesThis research was supported by a grant from the Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) and by National Health & Medical Research Council Research Fellowship No. 366756 to Kaarin Anstey.
dc.date.issued2012-12
local.identifier.absfor111700 - PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4056230xPUB206
local.publisher.urlhttp://link.springer.com/
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationFrench, Davina, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationJang, Soong-Nang, Chung-Ang University
local.contributor.affiliationTait, Robert, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAnstey, Kaarin, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/366756
local.identifier.doi10.1007/s00038-012-0430-5
local.identifier.absseo920413 - Social Structure and Health
dc.date.updated2015-12-09T08:14:47Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84878730110
local.identifier.thomsonID000319464400004
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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