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Modern geographical reconnaissance of target populations in malaria elimination zones

Kelly, Gerard C; Hii, Jeffrey; Batarii, William; Donald, Wesley; Hale, Erick; Nausien, Johnny; Pontifex, Scott; Vallely, Andrew; Tanner, Marcel; Clements, Archie

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BACKGROUND Geographical Reconnaissance (GR) operations using Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) have been conducted in the elimination provinces of Temotu, Solomon Islands and Tafea, Republic of Vanuatu. These operations aimed to examine modern approaches to GR to define the spatial distribution of target populations to support contemporary malaria elimination interventions. METHODS Three GR surveys were carried out covering the outer islands of Temotu...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorKelly, Gerard C
dc.contributor.authorHii, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.authorBatarii, William
dc.contributor.authorDonald, Wesley
dc.contributor.authorHale, Erick
dc.contributor.authorNausien, Johnny
dc.contributor.authorPontifex, Scott
dc.contributor.authorVallely, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorTanner, Marcel
dc.contributor.authorClements, Archie
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-04T03:41:41Z
dc.date.available2016-01-04T03:41:41Z
dc.identifier.issn1475-2875
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/95208
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND Geographical Reconnaissance (GR) operations using Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) have been conducted in the elimination provinces of Temotu, Solomon Islands and Tafea, Republic of Vanuatu. These operations aimed to examine modern approaches to GR to define the spatial distribution of target populations to support contemporary malaria elimination interventions. METHODS Three GR surveys were carried out covering the outer islands of Temotu Province (October - November, 2008); Santa Cruz Island, Temotu Province (February 2009) and Tanna Island, Tafea Province (July - September 2009). Integrated PDA/GPS handheld units were used in the field to rapidly map and enumerate households, and collect associated population and household structure data to support priority elimination interventions, including bed net distribution, indoor residual spraying (IRS) and malaria case surveillance. Data were uploaded and analysed in customized Geographic Information System (GIS) databases to produce household distribution maps and generate relevant summary information pertaining to the GR operations. Following completion of field operations, group discussions were also conducted to review GR approaches and technology implemented. RESULTS 10,459 households were geo-referenced and mapped. A population of 43,497 and 30,663 household structures were recorded during the three GR surveys. The spatial distribution of the population was concentrated in coastal village clusters. Survey operations were completed over a combined total of 77 field days covering a total land mass area of approximately 1103.2 km2. An average of 45 households, 118 structures and a population of 184 people were recorded per handheld device per day. Geo-spatial household distribution maps were also produced immediately following the completion of GR fieldwork. An overall high acceptability of modern GR techniques and technology was observed by both field operations staff and communities. CONCLUSION GR implemented using modern techniques has provided an effective and efficient operational tool for rapidly defining the spatial distribution of target populations in designated malaria elimination zones in Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. The data generated are being used for the strategic implementation and scaling-up of priority interventions, and will be essential for establishing future surveillance using spatial decision support systems.
dc.description.sponsorshipA.C.A.C. is supported by a Career Development Award from the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (#631619)
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.rights© 2010 Kelly et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.sourceMalaria Journal
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectaged
dc.subjectaged, 80 and over
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectchild, preschool
dc.subjectcomputers, handheld
dc.subjectdata collection
dc.subjectdatabases, factual
dc.subjectfamily characteristics
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjectgeographic information systems
dc.subjectgeography
dc.subjecthumans
dc.subjectinfant
dc.subjectinfant, newborn
dc.subjectmalaria
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectmelanesia
dc.subjectmiddle aged
dc.subjectvanuatu
dc.subjectyoung adult
dc.subjecthealth services needs and demand
dc.titleModern geographical reconnaissance of target populations in malaria elimination zones
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume9
dc.date.issued2010-10-20
local.identifier.absfor111706
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB4127
local.publisher.urlhttp://www.biomedcentral.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationKelly, Gerard C, University of Queensland, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationHii, Jeffrey, World Health Organisation, Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationBatarii, William, Ministry of Health, Solomon lslands
local.contributor.affiliationDonald, Wesley, Ministry of Health, Vanuatu
local.contributor.affiliationHale, Erick, Ministry of Health, Solomon lslands
local.contributor.affiliationNausien, Johnny, Ministry of Health, Vanuatu
local.contributor.affiliationPontifex, Scott, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, New Caledonia
local.contributor.affiliationVallely, Andrew, University of Queensland, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationTanner, M, Universitat Basel, Switzerland
local.contributor.affiliationClements, Archie, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Population Health, Natl Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health, The Australian National University
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/631619
local.identifier.essn1475-2875
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage289
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage289.12
local.identifier.doi10.1186/1475-2875-9-289
local.identifier.absseo920404
local.identifier.absseo920109
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T10:05:38Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-77957987761
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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