Skip navigation
Skip navigation

The health of Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: factor analysis of self-reported symptoms

Forbes, A B; McKenzie, D P; Mackinnon, A J; Kelsall, H L; McFarlane, A C; Ikin, J F; Glass, D C; Sim, M R

Description

BACKGROUND A recent report showed that Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War displayed a greater prevalence of a multitude of self-reported symptoms than a randomly sampled comparison group of military personnel who were eligible for deployment but were not deployed to the Gulf. AIMS To investigate whether the pattern, rather than frequency, of symptom reporting in these Australian Gulf War veterans differed from that of the comparison group personnel. METHODS Factor analysis was used to...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorForbes, A B
dc.contributor.authorMcKenzie, D P
dc.contributor.authorMackinnon, A J
dc.contributor.authorKelsall, H L
dc.contributor.authorMcFarlane, A C
dc.contributor.authorIkin, J F
dc.contributor.authorGlass, D C
dc.contributor.authorSim, M R
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-21T04:39:34Z
dc.identifier.issn1351-0711
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/95145
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND A recent report showed that Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War displayed a greater prevalence of a multitude of self-reported symptoms than a randomly sampled comparison group of military personnel who were eligible for deployment but were not deployed to the Gulf. AIMS To investigate whether the pattern, rather than frequency, of symptom reporting in these Australian Gulf War veterans differed from that of the comparison group personnel. METHODS Factor analysis was used to determine whether the co-occurrence of 62 symptoms in 1322 male Gulf War veterans can be explained by a number of underlying dimensions, called factors. The methodology was also applied to 1459 male comparison group subjects and the factor solutions of the two groups were compared. RESULTS For the Gulf War veterans, a three factor solution displayed replicability and construct validity. The three factors were labelled as psycho-physiological distress, somatic distress, and arthro-neuromuscular distress, and were broadly similar to those described in previous studies of Gulf War veterans. A concordant three factor solution was also found for the comparison group subjects, with strong convergence of the factor loadings and factor scores across the two groups being displayed. CONCLUSION Results did not display evidence of a unique pattern of self-reported symptoms among Gulf War veterans. Results also indicated that the differences between the groups lie in the degrees of expression of the three underlying factors, consistent with the well documented evidence of increased self-reported symptom prevalence in Gulf War veterans.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was financially supported by the Australian Government–Department of Veterans’ Affairs.
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Group
dc.rightsCopyright the authors
dc.sourceOccupational and Environmental Medicine
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectaustralia
dc.subjectfactor analysis, statistical
dc.subjecthumans
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectoccupational diseases
dc.subjectoccupational exposure
dc.subjectpersian gulf syndrome
dc.subjectprevalence
dc.subjectreproducibility of results
dc.subjectwar
dc.subjectgulf war
dc.subjectveterans
dc.titleThe health of Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: factor analysis of self-reported symptoms
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume61
dc.date.issued2004
local.identifier.absfor111714
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4105084xPUB142
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationForbes, A.B., Monash University, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationMcKenzie, D.P., Monash University, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationMackinnon, Andrew, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Population Health, National Institute for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationKelsall, H.L., Monash University, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationMcFarlane, Alexander C, University of Adelaide, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationIkin, J.F., Monash University, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationGlass, D C, Monash University, Australia
local.contributor.affiliationSim, Malcolm R, Monash University, Australia
local.description.embargo2054-12-21
local.identifier.essn1470-7926
local.bibliographicCitation.issue12
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1014
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1020
local.identifier.doi10.1136/oem.2003.011791
CollectionsANU Research Publications

Download

File Description SizeFormat Image
01_Forbes_The_health_of_Australian_2004.pdfPublished Version135.67 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  19 May 2020/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator