Adaptation of plasma membrane amino acid transport mechanisms to physiological demands
The molecular identification of almost all physiologically characterized amino acid transporters in recent years has facilitated the functional analysis of this important class of transport proteins. The picture that emerges from these studies is that antiport is the prevalent mode of amino acid transport rather than a combination of uniporters and cotransporters. Mainly neurotransmitters and osmolytes are transported by complex cotransport mechanisms that allow a high intracellular...[Show more]
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