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Meaning-seeking in the illusory correlation paradigm: The active role of participants in the categorization process

Berndsen, Mariette; McGarty, Craig; Van Der Pligt, Joop; Spears, Russell

Description

The present research examines the role of categorical perception (McGarty, Haslam, Turner, & Oakes, 1993) in the illusory correlation paradigm. This approach assumes that the search for meaningful differences between two stimulus groups can lead to the illusory correlation effect. This explanation is investigated in Study 1 by presenting participants with constrained stimulus information and examining whether accentuating evaluative differences between stimuli could provide a basis for illusory...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorBerndsen, Mariette
dc.contributor.authorMcGarty, Craig
dc.contributor.authorVan Der Pligt, Joop
dc.contributor.authorSpears, Russell
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T23:26:42Z
dc.date.available2015-12-13T23:26:42Z
dc.identifier.issn0144-6665
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/92971
dc.description.abstractThe present research examines the role of categorical perception (McGarty, Haslam, Turner, & Oakes, 1993) in the illusory correlation paradigm. This approach assumes that the search for meaningful differences between two stimulus groups can lead to the illusory correlation effect. This explanation is investigated in Study 1 by presenting participants with constrained stimulus information and examining whether accentuating evaluative differences between stimuli could provide a basis for illusory correlation. Results of this study (N = 64) revealed illusory correlation effects that were related to evaluative reinterpretations of the stimuli. Study 2 (N = 19) focused on the causal relation between illusory correlation and accentuation effects, using the thinking-aloud technique. Detailed analyses of each participants' behaviour indicated that illusory correlation can arise from actively seeking intergroup differences and that reinterpretations of stimuli and the perception of illusory correlation were mutually reinforcing. Implications of these results for stereotyping processes are discussed.
dc.publisherThe British Psychological Society
dc.sourceBritish Journal of Social Psychology
dc.subjectKeywords: adult; affect; article; attitude; cognition; female; human; illusion; male; perception; pilot study; randomization; social psychology; Adult; Affect; Attitude; Cognition; Female; Humans; Illusions; Male; Pilot Projects; Random Allocation; Social Perceptio
dc.titleMeaning-seeking in the illusory correlation paradigm: The active role of participants in the categorization process
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
local.identifier.citationvolume40
dc.date.issued2001
local.identifier.absfor170113 - Social and Community Psychology
local.identifier.ariespublicationMigratedxPub26243
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationBerndsen, Mariette, Flinders University
local.contributor.affiliationMcGarty, Craig, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationVan Der Pligt, Joop, University of Amsterdam
local.contributor.affiliationSpears, Russell, Cardiff University
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage209
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage233
dc.date.updated2015-12-12T09:47:40Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-0035379891
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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