Searles, Debra; Evans, Denis
Thermal conduction in a classical many-body system which is in contact with two isothermal reservoirs maintained at different temperatures is considered. The probability that when observed for a finite time, the heat flux of a finite system flows in the reverse direction to that required by the Second Law of Thermodynamics is calculated from first principles. Analytical expressions are given for the probability of observing Second Law violating fluctuations in this system. These expressions...[Show more]
Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.