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Female genital mutilation: conditions of decline

Caldwell, John; Orubuloye, I; Caldwell, Pat


Female genital mutilation (or female circumcision) has been experienced by over 100 million women in sub-Saharan Africa and the Nile valley. Efforts to suppress the practice were made in the earlier decades of the present century, especially by missionaries in Kenya in the 1920s and early 1930s. Successful indigenous opposition to this activity led to a cultural relativist attitude toward FGM being dominant among governments and international bodies for the next half century. This situation has...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2000
Type: Journal article
Source: Population Research and Policy Review
DOI: 10.1023/A:1026511611930


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