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Generation and Detection of Matter-wave Gap Vortices in Optical Lattices

Ostrovskaya, Elena; Alexander, Tristram J; Kivshar, Yuri


We analyze numerically the process of dynamical generation of spatially localized vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC's) with repulsive atomic interactions confined by two-dimensional optical lattices. Akin to bright solitons in a repulsive condensate, these nonlinear localized states exist only within the gaps of the matter-wave band-gap spectrum imposed by the periodicity of the lattice potential. We discuss the complex structure of matter-wave phase singularities associated with...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2006
Type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.74.023605


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