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Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains

Strecker, K E; Partridge, G B; Truscott, Andrew; Hulet, Randall G

Description

Attraction between the atoms of a Bose-Einstein condensate renders it unstable to collapse, although a condensate with a limited number of atoms can be stabilized by confinement in an atom trap. However, beyond this number the condensate collapses. Condensates constrained to one-dimensional motion with attractive interactions are predicted to form stable solitons, in which the attractive forces exactly compensate for wave-packet dispersion. Here we report the formation of bright solitons of Li...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2002
Type: Journal article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/89633
Source: Nature
DOI: 10.1038/nature747

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