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Variability in Impression Formation: Investigating the Role of Motivation, Capacity, and the Categorization Process

Reynolds, Katherine J; Oakes, Penelope J.

Description

Current theory and research suggests that stereotyping is inversely related to the allocation of attentional resources. For example, motivational factors (e.g., interdependence, accuracy goals) are argued to increase attentional investment and encourage individuation. Within this model, a neglected feature of the impression formation process is the role of the perceivers' own self-definition. Based on self-categorization theory, it is argued that whether the salient self-other categorization is...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorReynolds, Katherine J
dc.contributor.authorOakes, Penelope J.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T23:15:52Z
dc.identifier.issn0146-1672
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/89102
dc.description.abstractCurrent theory and research suggests that stereotyping is inversely related to the allocation of attentional resources. For example, motivational factors (e.g., interdependence, accuracy goals) are argued to increase attentional investment and encourage individuation. Within this model, a neglected feature of the impression formation process is the role of the perceivers' own self-definition. Based on self-categorization theory, it is argued that whether the salient self-other categorization is defined in interpersonal or group terms, respectively, will determine whether impressions will be more individuated or stereotypic. Two experiments are reported where the effect of interdependence (Experiment 1) and accuracy goals (Experiment 2) as well as the salient comparative context (interpersonal, intergroup) on impression formation were investigated. The results suggest that the nature of self-other categorizations does play a significant role in explaining variability in impression formation.
dc.publisherSage Publications Inc
dc.sourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
dc.titleVariability in Impression Formation: Investigating the Role of Motivation, Capacity, and the Categorization Process
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
local.identifier.citationvolume26
dc.date.issued2000
local.identifier.absfor170113 - Social and Community Psychology
local.identifier.ariespublicationMigratedxPub19016
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationReynolds, Katherine J, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationOakes, Penelope J., College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage355
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage373
dc.date.updated2015-12-12T08:45:32Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-0034398812
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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