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Heats of formation of alkali metal and alkaline earth metal oxides and hydroxides: Surprisingly demanding targets for high-level ab initio procedures

Sullivan, Michael; Iron, Mark; Redfern, Paul; Martin, Jan; Curtiss, Larry; Radom, Leo

Description

High-level ab initio calculations, including variants of the Wn and G3 procedures, have been used to determine the structures and heats of formation of the alkali metal and alkaline earth metal oxides and hydroxides (M2O, MOH: M = Li, Na, and K; MO, M(OH)2: M = Be, Mg, and Ca). Our best structures were obtained at the CCSD(T)(riv,rv)/aug'-cc-pWCVQZ level and are in uniformly close agreement with available experimental data, with a mean absolute deviation from experimental metal-oxygen bond...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Michael
dc.contributor.authorIron, Mark
dc.contributor.authorRedfern, Paul
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Jan
dc.contributor.authorCurtiss, Larry
dc.contributor.authorRadom, Leo
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T23:14:27Z
dc.date.available2015-12-13T23:14:27Z
dc.identifier.issn1089-5639
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/88620
dc.description.abstractHigh-level ab initio calculations, including variants of the Wn and G3 procedures, have been used to determine the structures and heats of formation of the alkali metal and alkaline earth metal oxides and hydroxides (M2O, MOH: M = Li, Na, and K; MO, M(OH)2: M = Be, Mg, and Ca). Our best structures were obtained at the CCSD(T)(riv,rv)/aug'-cc-pWCVQZ level and are in uniformly close agreement with available experimental data, with a mean absolute deviation from experimental metal-oxygen bond lengths of just 0.007 Å.Structures obtained with CCSD(T)/cc-pWCVQZ, B3-LYP/cc-pVTZ, B3-LYP/6-31G(2df,p), and MP2(full)/6-311+G(3df,2p) are also in good agreement with experiment. Zero-point vibrational energies and enthalpy temperature corrections are found to be relatively insensitive to the various procedures employed. However, the heats of formation for these molecules are challenging targets for high-level ab initio procedures. In the Wn-type procedures, it is found that expanding the correlation space on the metal atoms from the normal relaxed valence (rv) (or frozen-core) specification to relaxed inner valence (riv) requires the use of newly developed core-valence basis sets (cc-pWCVnZ) in the extrapolation calculations to obtain reliable results. Our best calculated heats of formation (ΔHf 298) come from a procedure designated W2C//ACQ, while G3[CC](dir,full) is the best of the G3-type procedures. Recommended ΔHf 298 values, weighted toward the W2C//ACQ results, are -157 ± 5 (Li2O), -25 ± 5 (Na2O), -60 ± 5 (K2O), +130 ± 12 (BeO), +142 ± 10 (MgO), +26 ± 17 (CaO), -239 ± 5 (LiOH), -189 ± 5 (NaOH), -223 ± 5 (KOH), -632 ± 7 (Be(OH)2), -547 ± 5 (Mg(OH)2), and -604 ± 19 (Ca(OH)2) kJ mol-1.
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society
dc.sourceJournal of Physical Chemistry A
dc.subjectKeywords: Alkaline earth metal compounds; Chemical bonds; Correlation methods; Electron energy levels; Extrapolation; Molecular dynamics; Valence basis sets; Alkali metal compounds
dc.titleHeats of formation of alkali metal and alkaline earth metal oxides and hydroxides: Surprisingly demanding targets for high-level ab initio procedures
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
local.identifier.citationvolume107
dc.date.issued2003
local.identifier.absfor030701 - Quantum Chemistry
local.identifier.ariespublicationMigratedxPub18377
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSullivan, Michael, College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationIron, Mark, Weizmann Institute of Science
local.contributor.affiliationRedfern, Paul, Argonne National Laboratory
local.contributor.affiliationMartin, Jan, Weizmann Institute of Science
local.contributor.affiliationCurtiss, Larry, Argonne National Laboratory
local.contributor.affiliationRadom, Leo, College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, ANU
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage5617
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage5630
local.identifier.doi10.1021/jp034851f
dc.date.updated2015-12-12T08:38:54Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-0042173143
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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