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Oscillatory thermal instability and the Bhopal disaster

Ball, Rowena


A stability analysis is presented of the hydrolysis of methyl isocyanate (MIC) using a homogeneous flow reactor paradigm. The results simulate the thermal runaway that occurred inside the storage tank of MIC at the Bhopal Union Carbide plant in December 1984. The stability properties of the model indicate that the thermal runaway may have been due to a large amplitude, hard thermal oscillation initiated at a subcritical Hopf bifurcation. This type of thermal misbehavior cannot be predicted...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2011-06-17
Type: Journal article
Source: Process Safety and Environmental Protection 89.5 (2011): 317-322
DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2011.06.004


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