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The coal cycle: small scale illegal coal supply in eastern India

Lahiri-Dutt, Kuntala; Williams, David

Description

A characteristic of the Jharia-Raniganj coalfields area is the sight of bicycles carrying sacks of coal, the bike being used as an inanimate packhorse with men pushing them along the roads connecting the mines with the neighbouring towns instead of pedalling. This is one tiny part of an extensive illegal coal supply network involving millions of tonnes annually. Who are these coal cycle wallahs, how much coal do they carry, where does the coal come from, and where does it go? Our objective here...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorLahiri-Dutt, Kuntala
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, David
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T23:04:17Z
dc.date.available2015-12-13T23:04:17Z
dc.identifier.issn0973-0516
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/85307
dc.description.abstractA characteristic of the Jharia-Raniganj coalfields area is the sight of bicycles carrying sacks of coal, the bike being used as an inanimate packhorse with men pushing them along the roads connecting the mines with the neighbouring towns instead of pedalling. This is one tiny part of an extensive illegal coal supply network involving millions of tonnes annually. Who are these coal cycle wallahs, how much coal do they carry, where does the coal come from, and where does it go? Our objective here is to provide an estimate of one part of the 'black' (or illegal) coal economy in one part of the coal-producing tracts of India by describing the nature and extent of the supply of coal (or coke) provided by bicycles. We recognize that it is indeed a rather tiny part of the entire gamut of illegal coal mining, transportation, and distribution network that is in place in the colliery tracts of India. This paper examines this cycle distribution network and provides an estimate of the amount of coal supplied in this manner throughout the eastern Indian coalfields of Jharkhand and West Bengal. This estimate is based on recent field surveys of the amount of coal loaded onto cycles for transport to a particular town, assuming demand was local- and urban-population driven. The study was supported by previous experience in the field and by interviews with key informants. At the end, the paper attempts to explain the occurrence of the phenomenon of illegal coal mining and tries to provide some policy suggestions. Conjoint Fellow, Newcastle University, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
dc.publisherTERI Press
dc.sourceResources, energy, and development
dc.subjectKeywords: Coal mines; Coke; Petroleum transportation; Coal-producing tracts; Coalfields; Distribution network; Urban-population; Coal
dc.titleThe coal cycle: small scale illegal coal supply in eastern India
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
local.identifier.citationvolume2
dc.date.issued2005
local.identifier.absfor050209 - Natural Resource Management
local.identifier.ariespublicationMigratedxPub13646
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationLahiri-Dutt, Kuntala, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationWilliams, David, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage93
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage105
dc.date.updated2015-12-12T07:55:14Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-25644437793
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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