Pardo, Julian; Urban, Christian; Galvez, Eva; Ekert, Paul; Muller, Uwe; Kwon-Chung, June Kyung; Lobigs, Mario; Mullbacher, Arno; Wallich, Reinhard; Barner, Christopher; Simon, Markus M
Aspergillus fumigatus infections cause high levels of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Gliotoxin (GT), a secondary metabolite, is cytotoxic for mammalian cells, but the molecular basis and biological relevance of this toxicity remain speculative. We show that GT induces apoptotic cell death by activating the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bak, but not Bax, to elicit the generation of reactive oxygen species, the mitochondrial release of apoptogenic factors, and caspase-3...[Show more]
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