von Caemmerer, Susanne; Hendrickson, Luke; Quinn, Vanda; Vella, N; Millgate, A G; Furbank, Robert Thomas
To function, the catalytic sites of Rubisco (EC 22.214.171.124) need to be activated by the reversible carbamylation of a lysine residue within the sites followed by rapid binding of magnesium. The activation of Rubisco in vivo requires the presence of the regulatory protein Rubisco activase. This enzyme is thought to aid the release of sugar phosphate inhibitors from Rubisco's catalytic sites, thereby influencing carbamylation. In C3 species, Rubisco operates in a low CO2 environment, which is...[Show more]
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