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Anatomy and development of the macula: specialisation and the vulnerability to macular degeneration

Provis, Jan; Penfold, Philip; Cornish, Elisa E; Sandercoe, Trent M; Madigan, Michelle


The central retina in primates is adapted for high acuity vision. The most significant adaptations to neural retina in this respect are: 1. The very high density of cone photoreceptors on the visual axis; 2. The dominance of Midget pathways arising from these cones and 3. The diminishment of retinal blood supply in the macula, and its absence on the visual axis. Restricted blood supply to the part of the retina that has the highest density of neural elements is paradoxical. Inhibition of...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2005
Type: Journal article
Source: Clinical and Experimental Optometry
DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-0938.2005.tb06711.x


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