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Adaptive Resource Relocation in Virtualized Heterogeneous Clusters

Atif, Muhammad

Description

Cluster computing has recently gone through an evolution from single processor systems to multicore/multi-socket systems. This has resulted in lowering the cost/performance ratio of the compute machines. Compute farms that host these machines tend to become heterogeneous over time due to incremental extensions, hardware upgrades and/or nodes being purchased for users with particular needs. This heterogeneity is not surprising given the wide range of processor, memory and network technologies...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorAtif, Muhammad
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-09T06:34:39Z
dc.date.available2011-12-31T13:10:17Z
dc.identifier.otherb2531810x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/8234
dc.description.abstractCluster computing has recently gone through an evolution from single processor systems to multicore/multi-socket systems. This has resulted in lowering the cost/performance ratio of the compute machines. Compute farms that host these machines tend to become heterogeneous over time due to incremental extensions, hardware upgrades and/or nodes being purchased for users with particular needs. This heterogeneity is not surprising given the wide range of processor, memory and network technologies that become available and the relatively small price difference between these various options. Different CPU architectures, memory capacities, communication and I/O interfaces of the participating compute nodes present many challenges to job scheduling and often result in under or over utilization of the compute resources. In general, it is not feasible for the application programmers to specifically optimize their programs for such a set of differing compute n odes, due to the difficulty and time-intensiveness of such a task. The trend of heterogeneous compute farms has coincided with resurgence in the virtualization technology. Virtualization technology is receiving widespread adoption, mainly due to the benefits of server consolidation and isolation, load balancing, security and fault tolerance. Virtualization has also generated considerable interest in the High Performance Computing (HPC) community, due to the resulting high availability, fault tolerance, cluster partitioning and accommodation of conflicting user requirements. However, the HPC community is still wary of the potential overheads associated with‘ virtualization, as it results in slower network communications and disk I/O, which need to be addressed. The live migration feature, available to most virtualization technologies, can be leveraged to improve the throughput of a heterogeneous compute farm (HC) used for HPC applications. For this we mitigated the slow network communication in Xen; an open source virtual machine monitor. We present a detailed analysis of the communication framework of Xen and propose communication configurations that give 50% improvement over the conventional Xen network configuration. From a detailed study of the migration facility in Xen, we propose an improvement in the live migration facility specifically targeting HPC applications. This optimization gives around 50% improvement over the default migration facility of Xen. In this thesis, we also investigate resource scheduling in heterogeneous compute farm with the perspective of dynamic resource re-mapping. Our approach is to profile each job in the compute farm at runtime, and propose a better resource mapping compared to the initial allocation. We then migrate the job(s) to the best-suited homogeneous sub-cluster to improve overall throughput of the HC. For this, we develop a novel heterogeneity and virtualization-aware profiling framework, which is able to predict the CPU and communication characteristics of high performance scientific applications. The prediction accuracy of our performance estimation model is over 80%. The framework implementation is lightweight, with an overhead of 3%. Our experiments show that we are able to improve the throughput of the compute farm by 25% and the time saved by the HC with our framework is over 30%. The framework can be readily extended to HCs supporting a cloud computing environment.
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.subjectVirtualization, Scheduling, Heterogeneous Clusters, High Performance Computing
dc.titleAdaptive Resource Relocation in Virtualized Heterogeneous Clusters
dc.typeThesis (PhD)
local.contributor.supervisorStrazdins, Peter
dcterms.valid2011
local.description.notesSupervisor - Dr. Peter Strazdins
local.description.refereedYes
local.type.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.date.issued2010
local.contributor.affiliationResearch School of Computer Science
local.identifier.doi10.25911/5d7a267ea3a59
local.mintdoimint
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