Butler, Colin; Corvalan, Carlos; Koren, Hillel S
This article categorizes four kinds of adverse effects to human health caused by ecosystem change: direct, mediated, modulated, and systems failure. The effects are categorized on their scale, complexity, and lag-time. Some but not all of these can be classified as resulting from reduced ecosystem services. The articles also explores the impacts that different socioeconomic-ecologic scenarios are likely to have on human health and how changes to human health may, in turn, influence the...[Show more]
Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.