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Bronchodilation and smoking interaction in COPD: A cohort pilot study to assess cardiovascular risk

van Dijk, Wouter D.; Lenders, Jacques W.M.; Holtman, Joran; Grootens, Joke; Akkermans, Reinier; Heijdra, Yvonne; Schermer, Tjard R.J.; van Weel, Chris


Background: Smoking and bronchodilator treatment are both extensively studied as key elements in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, little is known about whether or not these elements interact in terms of developing cardiovascular diseases in patients with COPD. Objectives: To explore to what extent the risk of developing ischemic cardiovascular disease in COPD patients is mediated by smoking status, use of bronchodilators and - specifically - their interaction....[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2012
Type: Journal article
Source: Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases
DOI: 10.1159/000326921


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