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Geochemistry of coral from Papua New Guinea as a proxy for ENSO ocean-atmosphere interactions in the Pacific Warm Pool

Ayliffe, Linda; Bird, Michael; Gagan, Michael; Isdale, Peter; Scott-Gagan, Heather; Parker, Bruce; Griffin, David; Nongkas, Michael; McCulloch, Malcolm


A Porites sp. coral growing offshore from the Sepik and Ramu Rivers in equatorial northern Papua New Guinea has yielded an accurate 20-year history (1977-1996) of sea surface temperature (SST), river discharge, and wind-induced mixing of the upper water column. Depressions in average SSTs of about 0.5-1.0°C (indicated by coral Sr/Ca) and markedly diminished freshwater runoff to the coastal ocean (indicated by coral δ 18O, δ 13C and UV fluorescence) are evident during the El Niño - Southern...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2004
Type: Journal article
Source: Continental Shelf Research
DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2004.07.013


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