Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity
Rockstrom, Johan; Steffen, Will; Noone, Kevin; Persson, Asa; Chapin, Stuart; Lambin, Eric F; Lenton, Timothy M.; Scheffer, Marten; Folke, Carl; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim; Nykvist, Bjorn; de Wit, Cynthia A.; Hughes, Terrence; van der Leeuw, Sander; Rodhe, Henning; Sorlin, Sverker; Snyder, P. B.; Costanza, Robert; Svedin, Uno; Falkenmark, Malin; Karlberg, Louise; Corell, Robert W.; Fabry, Victoria; Hansen, James; Walker, Brian; Liverman, Diana M; Richardson, Katherine; Crutzen, Paul J; Foley, Jonathon
Anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System have reached a scale where abrupt global environmental change can no longer be excluded. We propose a new approach to global sustainability in which we define planetary boundaries within which we expect that humanity can operate safely. Transgressing one or more planetary boundaries may be deleterious or even catastrophic due to the risk of crossing thresholds that will trigger non-linear, abrupt environmental change within continental- to...[Show more]
|Collections||ANU Research Publications|
|Source:||Ecology and Society|
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