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Climate variability and campylobacter infection: an international study

Kovats, R Sari; Edwards, Sally; Charron, Dominique; Cowden, John; D'Souza, Rennie; Ebi, Kristie; Gauci, Charmaine; Gerner-Smidt, Peter; Hajat, Shakoor; Hales, Simon; Pezzi, Gloria Hernandez; Kriz, Bohumir; Kutsar, Kuulo; McKeown, Paul; Mellou, Kassiani; Menne, Bettina; O'Brien, Sarah; van Pelt, Wilfrid; Schmid, Hans

Description

Campylobacter is among the most important agents of enteritis in developed countries. We have described the potential environmental determinants of the seasonal pattern of infection with campylobacter in Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Specifically, we investigated the role of climate variability on laboratory-confirmed cases of campylobacter infection from 15 populations. Regression analysis was used to quantify the associations between timing of seasonal peaks in infection in space...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorKovats, R Sari
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Sally
dc.contributor.authorCharron, Dominique
dc.contributor.authorCowden, John
dc.contributor.authorD'Souza, Rennie
dc.contributor.authorEbi, Kristie
dc.contributor.authorGauci, Charmaine
dc.contributor.authorGerner-Smidt, Peter
dc.contributor.authorHajat, Shakoor
dc.contributor.authorHales, Simon
dc.contributor.authorPezzi, Gloria Hernandez
dc.contributor.authorKriz, Bohumir
dc.contributor.authorKutsar, Kuulo
dc.contributor.authorMcKeown, Paul
dc.contributor.authorMellou, Kassiani
dc.contributor.authorMenne, Bettina
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorvan Pelt, Wilfrid
dc.contributor.authorSchmid, Hans
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:45:06Z
dc.identifier.issn0020-7128
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/79601
dc.description.abstractCampylobacter is among the most important agents of enteritis in developed countries. We have described the potential environmental determinants of the seasonal pattern of infection with campylobacter in Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Specifically, we investigated the role of climate variability on laboratory-confirmed cases of campylobacter infection from 15 populations. Regression analysis was used to quantify the associations between timing of seasonal peaks in infection in space and time. The short-term association between weekly weather and cases was also investigated using Poisson regression adapted for time series data. All countries in our study showed a distinct seasonality in campylobacter transmission, with many, but not all, populations showing a peak in spring. Countries with milder winters have peaks of infection earlier in the year. The timing of the peak of infection is weakly associated with high temperatures 3 months previously. Weekly variation in campylobacter infection in one region of the UK appeared to be little affected by short-term changes in weather patterns. The geographical variation in the timing of the seasonal peak suggests that climate may be a contributing factor to campylobacter transmission. The main driver of seasonality of campylobacter remains elusive and underscores the need to identify the major serotypes and routes of transmission for this disease.
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Biometeorology
dc.subjectKeywords: article; Australia; Canada; climate; comparative study; disease transmission; Europe; Gram negative infection; human; New Zealand; regression analysis; season; temperature; Australia; Campylobacter Infections; Canada; Climate; Europe; Humans; New Zealand; Campylobacter; Climate; Food; Seasonal variation; Surveillance
dc.titleClimate variability and campylobacter infection: an international study
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
local.identifier.citationvolumeOnline
dc.date.issued2004
local.identifier.absfor111706 - Epidemiology
local.identifier.ariespublicationMigratedxPub8007
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationKovats, R Sari, University of London
local.contributor.affiliationEdwards, Sally, University of London
local.contributor.affiliationCharron, Dominique, University of Guelph
local.contributor.affiliationCowden, John, Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health
local.contributor.affiliationD'Souza, Rennie, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationEbi, Kristie, Exponent Health Group
local.contributor.affiliationGauci, Charmaine, Malta Department of Public Health
local.contributor.affiliationGerner-Smidt, Peter, Statens Serum Institut
local.contributor.affiliationHajat, Shakoor, University of London
local.contributor.affiliationHales, Simon, Victoria University of Wellington
local.contributor.affiliationPezzi, Gloria Hernandez, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Chamartin
local.contributor.affiliationKriz, Bohumir, National Institute of Public Health
local.contributor.affiliationKutsar, Kuulo, Health Protection Inspectorate
local.contributor.affiliationMcKeown, Paul, National Disease Surveillance Centre
local.contributor.affiliationMellou, Kassiani, Hellenic Center for infectious Diseases Control (KEEL)
local.contributor.affiliationMenne, Bettina, World Health Organization
local.contributor.affiliationO'Brien, Sarah, Health Protection Agency
local.contributor.affiliationvan Pelt, Wilfrid, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment
local.contributor.affiliationSchmid, Hans, Swiss Federal Office of Public Health
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage14
local.identifier.doi10.1007/s00484-004-0241-3
local.identifier.absseo920405 - Environmental Health
dc.date.updated2015-12-11T10:19:34Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-20144362575
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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