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The patronage patchwork: Village brokerage networks and the power of the state in an Indonesian election

Aspinall, Edward; As'ad, Muhammad Uhaib

Description

This article analyses the roles played by patronage and brokerage in an Indonesian district election by focusing on variation in village-level results. Through interviews with village elites, we found that highly uneven village voting patterns were strongly influenced by varying patterns of patronage distribution. The winning candidate (the son of the incumbent) used a state-centred form of patronage involving pork barrel and club goods that proved more effective than gifts distributed through...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorAspinall, Edward
dc.contributor.authorAs'ad, Muhammad Uhaib
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:36:28Z
dc.identifier.issn0006-2294
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/76777
dc.description.abstractThis article analyses the roles played by patronage and brokerage in an Indonesian district election by focusing on variation in village-level results. Through interviews with village elites, we found that highly uneven village voting patterns were strongly influenced by varying patterns of patronage distribution. The winning candidate (the son of the incumbent) used a state-centred form of patronage involving pork barrel and club goods that proved more effective than gifts distributed through social, specifically religious, networks. Also critical were effective and trustworthy community-level brokers to deliver patronage, with retail vote-buying especially vulnerable to broker predation. Among the four categories of brokers we identified, state brokers-notably village heads-were especially effective at marshalling votes. Our findings underline the importance of patronage in Indonesian elections and the centrality of brokers in clientelistic systems generally. They also help explain the domination of former bureaucrats in electoral contests in regional Indonesia.
dc.publisherBrill
dc.rightsAuthor/s retain copyright
dc.sourceBijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde (Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia and Oceania)
dc.titleThe patronage patchwork: Village brokerage networks and the power of the state in an Indonesian election
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume171
dc.date.issued2015
local.identifier.absfor160606 - Government and Politics of Asia and the Pacific
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB5574
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationAspinall, Edward, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAs'ad, Muhammad Uhaib, Universitas Islam Kalimantan
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2-3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage165
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage195
local.identifier.doi10.1163/22134379-17102004
dc.date.updated2015-12-11T09:31:59Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84938063054
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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