Nutrition affects longevity and gene expression in honey bee (Apis mellifera) workers
Nutrition is a major factor affecting animal health, resistance to disease, and survival. In honey bees (Apis mellifera), nectar or honey (carbohydrates) is the energy source, while pollen, which is the sole dietary source of protein, is essential for both larval and adult development. Royal jelly (RJ), a secretion from workers with high protein content, plays a critical role in which queens are fed throughout their lives, is responsible for switching the worker phenotype into the queen one....[Show more]
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