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Adaptation and foraging from the Terminal Pleistocene to the Early Holocene: Excavation at Bubog on Ilin Island, Philippines

Pawlik, Alfred; Piper, Philip; Faylona, Marie Grace Pamela G.; Padilla Jr, Sabino; Carlos, A. Jane; Mijares, Armand; Vallejo, Benjamin Jr.; Reyes, Marian; Amano, Noel; Ingicco, Thomas; Porr, Martin

Description

The recently discovered human remains from Callao Cave, northern Luzon, Philippines securely date the migration of hominins into the Philippines to ca. 70 kya (thousands of years ago). The direct route to reach Luzon from the Asian mainland is via Borneo, Palawan, through Mindoro and into Luzon. Our research focuses on Mindoro Island as a potential stepping stone to the main Philippine Archipelago. While Palawan and Luzon have produced evidence for early human occupation, no systematic research...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorPawlik, Alfred
dc.contributor.authorPiper, Philip
dc.contributor.authorFaylona, Marie Grace Pamela G.
dc.contributor.authorPadilla Jr, Sabino
dc.contributor.authorCarlos, A. Jane
dc.contributor.authorMijares, Armand
dc.contributor.authorVallejo, Benjamin Jr.
dc.contributor.authorReyes, Marian
dc.contributor.authorAmano, Noel
dc.contributor.authorIngicco, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorPorr, Martin
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:28:34Z
dc.identifier.issn0093-4690
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/74258
dc.description.abstractThe recently discovered human remains from Callao Cave, northern Luzon, Philippines securely date the migration of hominins into the Philippines to ca. 70 kya (thousands of years ago). The direct route to reach Luzon from the Asian mainland is via Borneo, Palawan, through Mindoro and into Luzon. Our research focuses on Mindoro Island as a potential stepping stone to the main Philippine Archipelago. While Palawan and Luzon have produced evidence for early human occupation, no systematic research on the prehistory of Mindoro has been conducted until now. We report on recent archaeological investigations at the Bubog rockshelter sites on the small island of Ilin just off the coast of Mindoro. The excavations produced evidence of stratified sequences of human habitation at the two rockshelter sites in the form of dense shell middens that date to ca. 11 kya onwards. They provide direct evidence on how variability in landscape formation, sea levels, and landmass during the terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene influenced the behavior of early human populations. Numerous species of molluscs were recorded and provisional results indicate variations in the invertebrate faunas throughout the stratigraphic sequences, resulting from sea level rise and the establishment of coral reefs between Ilin and Mindoro at the end of the Pleistocene. Our results contribute substantially to our understanding of the processes of human island adaptation, complement ongoing research into Island Southeast Asia's paleogeography, and enhance current knowledge of prehistoric subsistence strategies across the region.
dc.publisherBoston University
dc.sourceJournal of Field Archaeology
dc.subjectKeywords: Foraging strategies; Hominin migrations; Island adaptations; Philippine archipelago; Pleistocene-Holocene adaptations; Sundaland and Wallacea
dc.titleAdaptation and foraging from the Terminal Pleistocene to the Early Holocene: Excavation at Bubog on Ilin Island, Philippines
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume39
dc.date.issued2014
local.identifier.absfor169900 - OTHER STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB4034
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationPawlik, Alfred, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationPiper, Philip, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationFaylona, Marie Grace Pamela G., National Museum of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationPadilla Jr, Sabino, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationCarlos, A. Jane, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationMijares, Armand, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationVallejo, Benjamin Jr., University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationReyes, Marian, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationAmano, Noel, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationIngicco, Thomas, University of the Philippines
local.contributor.affiliationPorr, Martin, University of Western Australia
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage230
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage247
local.identifier.doi10.1179/0093469014Z.00000000090
local.identifier.absseo970121 - Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
dc.date.updated2019-03-12T07:25:48Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84904884779
local.identifier.thomsonID000346149000003
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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