Jones, Julia C; Helliwell, Paul; Beekman, Madeleine; Maleszka, Ryszard; Oldroyd, Benjamin P
Honey bee workers maintain the brood nest of their colony within a narrow temperature range of 34.5+/-1.5 degrees C, implying that there are significant fitness costs if brood is reared outside the normal range. However, the effects of abnormal incubation temperatures are subtle and not well documented. Here we show that short-term learning and memory abilities of adult workers are affected by the temperature they experienced during pupal development. In contrast, long-term learning and memory...[Show more]
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