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Different countries on a similar path: comparing pension politics in Scandinavia and Australia

Overbye, Einar

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Scandinavia and Australia share an early emphasis on tax-financed minimum pension schemes rather than Bismarckian style contribution-based earnings related schemes. I argue that Scandinavia and Australia also share a similar sequence of later pension-political developments, despite differences in the timing of various initiatives, as well as in the institutional designs of these initiatives. First, means-testing was softened and ultimately abolished in the minimum protection systems...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorOverbye, Einar
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-10T06:18:40Z
dc.date.available2011-05-10T06:18:40Z
dc.identifier.citationOverbye, E. (1995). Different countries on a similar path: Comparing pension politics in Scandinavia and Australia. Public Policy Discussion Paper No. 44. Canberra, ACT: Graduate Program in Public Policy, The Australian National University.
dc.identifier.isbn0 7315 2181 1
dc.identifier.issn1030-2190
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/7338
dc.description.abstractScandinavia and Australia share an early emphasis on tax-financed minimum pension schemes rather than Bismarckian style contribution-based earnings related schemes. I argue that Scandinavia and Australia also share a similar sequence of later pension-political developments, despite differences in the timing of various initiatives, as well as in the institutional designs of these initiatives. First, means-testing was softened and ultimately abolished in the minimum protection systems of both Scandinavia and Australia. Second, compulsory earnings-related pensions were introduced. The introduction of compulsory earnings-related pension schemes coincides with a period of increased income-testing in the minimum schemes, resulting in the emergence of a dual pension structure in both Scandinavia and Australia. The impact of federalism, party structure and the use of regulatory policies (e.g. compulsory arbitration) as an alternative to tax-and-spend policies in bringing about the observed convergence towards dual systems are discussed
dc.format.extent51 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherGraduate Program in Public Policy, Australian National University
dc.rightsAuthor/s retain copyright
dc.source.urihttp://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/degrees/ppdp_discussion_papers/PPDP_44.pdf
dc.titleDifferent countries on a similar path: comparing pension politics in Scandinavia and Australia
dc.typeWorking/Technical Paper
dc.date.issued1995-08
local.publisher.urlhttp://www.crawford.anu.edu.au
local.type.statusPublished version
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenancePermission granted to archive the paper and make it publically available
CollectionsANU Crawford School of Public Policy

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