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Symbolic use of marine shells and mineral pigments by Iberian Neandertals

Zilhao, Joao; Angelucci, Diego E.; Badal, E.; d'Errico, Francesco; Daniel, Floreal; Dayet, Laure; Douka, K.; Higham, Thomas F. G.; Martinez-Sanchez, Maria Jose; Montes-Bernárdez, Ricardo; Wood, Rachel

Description

Two sites of the Neandertal-associated Middle Paleolithic of Iberia, dated to as early as approximately 50,000 years ago, yielded perforated and pigment-stained marine shells. At Cueva de los Aviones, three umbo-perforated valves of Acanthocardia and Glycymeris were found alongside lumps of yellow and red colorants, and residues preserved inside a Spondylus shell consist of a red lepidocrocite base mixed with ground, dark red-to-black fragments of hematite and pyrite. A perforated Pecten shell,...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorZilhao, Joao
dc.contributor.authorAngelucci, Diego E.
dc.contributor.authorBadal, E.
dc.contributor.authord'Errico, Francesco
dc.contributor.authorDaniel, Floreal
dc.contributor.authorDayet, Laure
dc.contributor.authorDouka, K.
dc.contributor.authorHigham, Thomas F. G.
dc.contributor.authorMartinez-Sanchez, Maria Jose
dc.contributor.authorMontes-Bernárdez, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorWood, Rachel
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:20:02Z
dc.identifier.issn0027-8424
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/72143
dc.description.abstractTwo sites of the Neandertal-associated Middle Paleolithic of Iberia, dated to as early as approximately 50,000 years ago, yielded perforated and pigment-stained marine shells. At Cueva de los Aviones, three umbo-perforated valves of Acanthocardia and Glycymeris were found alongside lumps of yellow and red colorants, and residues preserved inside a Spondylus shell consist of a red lepidocrocite base mixed with ground, dark red-to-black fragments of hematite and pyrite. A perforated Pecten shell, painted on its external, white side with an orange mix of goethite and hematite, was abandoned after breakage at Cueva Antón, 60 km inland. Comparable early modern human-associated material from Africa and the Near East is widely accepted as evidence for body ornamentation, implying behavioral modernity. The Iberian finds show that European Neandertals were no different from coeval Africans in this regard, countering genetic/cognitive explanations for the emergence of symbolism and strengthening demographic/social ones.
dc.publisherNational Academy of Sciences (USA)
dc.sourcePNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
dc.subjectKeywords: ferric hydroxide; ferric oxide; mineral; pigment; pyrite; Acanthocardia; Africa; article; behavioral science; controlled study; ethnic group; Europe; gastropod; Glycymeris; neanderthal; Paleolithic; priority journal; social behavior; Spondylus; weathering Behavioral modernity; Iberia; Middle paleolithic; Shell ornaments; Symbolism
dc.titleSymbolic use of marine shells and mineral pigments by Iberian Neandertals
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume107
dc.date.issued2010
local.identifier.absfor160104 - Social and Cultural Anthropology
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB3078
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationZilhao, Joao, University of Bristol
local.contributor.affiliationAngelucci, Diego E., Universita degli Studi di Trento
local.contributor.affiliationBadal, E, Universidad de Valencia
local.contributor.affiliationd'Errico , Francesco , Institut de Prehistoire et de Geologie du Quaternaire
local.contributor.affiliationDaniel, Floreal, Universite de Bordeaux
local.contributor.affiliationDayet, Laure, Universite de Bordeaux
local.contributor.affiliationDouka, K, University of Oxford
local.contributor.affiliationHigham, Thomas F. G., University of Oxford
local.contributor.affiliationMartinez-Sanchez, Maria Jose, Universidad de Murcia
local.contributor.affiliationMontes-Bernárdez, Ricardo, Fundación de Estudios Murcianos Marqués de Corvera
local.contributor.affiliationWood, Rachel, College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1023
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1028
local.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.0914088107
local.identifier.absseo970116 - Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T10:04:30Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-75749095242
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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