Zilhao, Joao; Angelucci, Diego E.; Badal, E; d'Errico, Francesco; Daniel, Floreal; Dayet, Laure; Douka, K; Higham, Thomas F. G.; Martinez-Sanchez, Maria Jose; Montes-Bernárdez, Ricardo; Wood, Rachel
Two sites of the Neandertal-associated Middle Paleolithic of Iberia, dated to as early as approximately 50,000 years ago, yielded perforated and pigment-stained marine shells. At Cueva de los Aviones, three umbo-perforated valves of Acanthocardia and Glycymeris were found alongside lumps of yellow and red colorants, and residues preserved inside a Spondylus shell consist of a red lepidocrocite base mixed with ground, dark red-to-black fragments of hematite and pyrite. A perforated Pecten shell,...[Show more]
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