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The influence of sport club participation on physical activity, fitness and body fat during childhood and adolescence: The LOOK Longitudinal Study

Telford, Rohan M; Telford, Richard; Cochrane, Thomas; Cunningham, Ross; Olive, Lisa; Davey, Rachel

Description

Objectives: To investigate the longitudinal effect of sport participation in physical activity, fitness and body fat changes during childhood and adolescence. Design: Longitudinal study (134 boys, 155 girls) of Australian youth aged 8-16 years. Methods: Physical activity was assessed by pedometers and accelerometers, fitness by the 20. m shuttle-run, body fat by DEXA and club sport participation by questionnaire. Linear mixed models were used to determine the effects of sport participation and...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorTelford, Rohan M
dc.contributor.authorTelford, Richard
dc.contributor.authorCochrane, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorCunningham, Ross
dc.contributor.authorOlive, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorDavey, Rachel
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:17:28Z
dc.identifier.issn1440-2440
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/71151
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To investigate the longitudinal effect of sport participation in physical activity, fitness and body fat changes during childhood and adolescence. Design: Longitudinal study (134 boys, 155 girls) of Australian youth aged 8-16 years. Methods: Physical activity was assessed by pedometers and accelerometers, fitness by the 20. m shuttle-run, body fat by DEXA and club sport participation by questionnaire. Linear mixed models were used to determine the effects of sport participation and gender differences. Results: Sports club participants were more physically active at all age groups than non-participants; boys took an extra 1800 steps (p <. 0.001) and girls 590 steps per day (p <. 0.01) and boys engaged in an extra 9. min and girls 6. min more moderate to vigorous PA per day (both p <. 0.05). Fitness was higher among sports participants (boys 27% and girls 20% higher, both p <. 0.001) and sport participant girls had 2.9% less body fat (p <. 0.05). Higher fitness scores were maintained over time by sports participants but their greater PA diminished during adolescence, this being more evident among girls. Only 20% of sports club participants met the recommended daily average of 60. min MVPA. Conclusions: Sport participants were more active, fitter and had less body fat (girls only) than non-sports participants. However, the associated benefits of sport with PA diminished during adolescence and the majority of sports participants did not meet recommended levels of PA. Strategies aiming to maximise the benefits of sports participation may be enhanced by providing special attention to the early adolescent period particularly among girls.
dc.publisherSports Medicine Australia
dc.sourceJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
dc.titleThe influence of sport club participation on physical activity, fitness and body fat during childhood and adolescence: The LOOK Longitudinal Study
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume19
dc.date.issued2015
local.identifier.absfor110699 - Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB2580
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationTelford, Rohan M, University of Canberra
local.contributor.affiliationTelford, Richard, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationCochrane, Thomas, University of Canberra
local.contributor.affiliationCunningham, Ross, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationOlive, Lisa, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationDavey, Rachel, University of Canberra
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage7
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jsams.2015.04.008
local.identifier.absseo920501 - Child Health
dc.date.updated2016-06-10T08:15:55Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84931478598
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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