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Older drivers' insight into their hazard perception ability

Horswill, Mark; Hatherly, Christopher; Wood, Joanne; Pachana, Nancy; Anstey, Kaarin

Description

Even though the driving ability of older adults may decline with age, there is evidence that some individuals attempt to compensate for these declines using strategies such as restricting their driving exposure. Such compensatory mechanisms rely on drivers' ability to evaluate their own driving performance. This paper focuses on one key aspect of driver ability that is associated with crash risk and has been found to decline with age: hazard perception. Three hundred and seven drivers, aged...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorHorswill, Mark
dc.contributor.authorHatherly, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorWood, Joanne
dc.contributor.authorPachana, Nancy
dc.contributor.authorAnstey, Kaarin
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:15:35Z
dc.identifier.issn0001-4575
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/70473
dc.description.abstractEven though the driving ability of older adults may decline with age, there is evidence that some individuals attempt to compensate for these declines using strategies such as restricting their driving exposure. Such compensatory mechanisms rely on drivers' ability to evaluate their own driving performance. This paper focuses on one key aspect of driver ability that is associated with crash risk and has been found to decline with age: hazard perception. Three hundred and seven drivers, aged 65-96, completed a validated video-based hazard perception test. There was no significant relationship between hazard perception test response latencies and drivers' ratings of their hazard perception test performance, suggesting that their ability to assess their own test performance was poor. Also, age-related declines in hazard perception latency were not reflected in drivers' self-ratings. Nonetheless, ratings of test performance were associated with self-reported regulation of driving, as was self-rated driving ability. These findings are consistent with the proposal that, whileself-assessments of driving ability may be used by drivers to determine the degree to which they restrict their driving, the problem is that drivershave little insight into their own driving ability. This may impact on the potential road safety benefits of self-restriction of driving because drivers may not have the information needed to optimally self-restrict. Strategies for addressing this problem are discussed.
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.sourceAccident Analysis and Prevention
dc.subjectKeywords: Anticipation skill; Driving performance; Elderly; Self efficacy; Self-assessment; Automobile drivers; Hazards; Rating; Testing; Risk perception Anticipation skill; Driving performance; Elderly; Self-assessment; Self-efficacy; Traffic accidents
dc.titleOlder drivers' insight into their hazard perception ability
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume43
dc.date.issued2011
local.identifier.absfor170100 - PSYCHOLOGY
local.identifier.ariespublicationf2965xPUB2322
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationHorswill, Mark, University of Queensland
local.contributor.affiliationAnstey, Kaarin, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHatherly, Christopher, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationWood, Joanne, Queensland University of Technology
local.contributor.affiliationPachana, Nancy, University of Queensland
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage2121
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage2127
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.aap.2011.05.035
local.identifier.absseo970117 - Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T08:25:05Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-79961167692
local.identifier.thomsonID000294530000027
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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