Chen, Rong; Chung, Shin-Ho
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) has been used for many decades to characterize the structure and function of biological ion channels. Yet, the precise mechanism by which TTX blocks voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels is not fully understood. Here molecular dynamics simulations are used to elucidate how TTX blocks mammalian voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels and why it fails to be effective for the bacterial sodium channel, NaVAb. We find that, in NaVAb, a sodium ion competes with TTX for the binding site...[Show more]
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