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In defense of Nuclear Austronesian (and against Tsouic)

Ross, Malcolm

Description

Ross (2009) proposed the Nuclear Austronesian hypothesis, whereby Puyuma, Tsou and Rukai are each single-member first-order subgroups of Austronesian and all other Austronesian languages belong to a Nuclear Austronesian subgroup. The basis of this subgrouping is a complex innovation whereby certain Proto Austronesian nominalizers came also to mark indicative verbs. This paper falls into two parts. The first surveys kinds of evidence that historical linguists use in subgrouping and proposes...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorRoss, Malcolm
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T23:35:19Z
dc.identifier.issn1360-6743
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/69808
dc.description.abstractRoss (2009) proposed the Nuclear Austronesian hypothesis, whereby Puyuma, Tsou and Rukai are each single-member first-order subgroups of Austronesian and all other Austronesian languages belong to a Nuclear Austronesian subgroup. The basis of this subgrouping is a complex innovation whereby certain Proto Austronesian nominalizers came also to mark indicative verbs. This paper falls into two parts. The first surveys kinds of evidence that historical linguists use in subgrouping and proposes metrics (§2) that are then applied to the innovations that support Nuclear Austronesian (§3) and other recent first-order subgroupings of Austronesian (principally Formosan) languages (§4). The second part argues that the commonly accepted Tsouic subgroup, which is incompatible with the Nuclear Austronesian hypothesis, is not supported by the evidence. Instead it reflects longterm contact between Tsou on one hand and Kanakanavu and Saaroa on the other (§5). In conclusion, it is tentatively suggested that the southern part of the Taiwan highlands appears to be the oldest Austronesian homeland area.
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.sourceEnglish Language and Linguistics
dc.subjectKeywords: Author Keywords
dc.titleIn defense of Nuclear Austronesian (and against Tsouic)
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume13
dc.date.issued2012
local.identifier.absfor200300 - LANGUAGE STUDIES
local.identifier.ariespublicationf5625xPUB2127
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationRoss, Malcolm, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1253
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1330
local.identifier.absseo950599 - Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T08:54:36Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84871595655
local.identifier.thomsonID000310114900006
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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