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India's gender bias in child population, female education and growing prosperity: 1951-2011

Jha, Raghbendra; Chaudhri, D.P.

Description

Using Census and National Sample Survey (NSS) data, this paper studies the evolution of Gender Bias (GB) in the age group 0-6 in India and its association with education and higher prosperity. GB is pervasive and has grown over time with higher prosperity and resultant demographic transition and enhanced education. Large household size (associated with high fertility rates and low Monthly Per Capita Expenditure (MPCE)) are linked with low GB. However, with higher prosperity and lower Total...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorJha, Raghbendra
dc.contributor.authorChaudhri, D.P.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T23:35:08Z
dc.identifier.issn0269-2171
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/69729
dc.description.abstractUsing Census and National Sample Survey (NSS) data, this paper studies the evolution of Gender Bias (GB) in the age group 0-6 in India and its association with education and higher prosperity. GB is pervasive and has grown over time with higher prosperity and resultant demographic transition and enhanced education. Large household size (associated with high fertility rates and low Monthly Per Capita Expenditure (MPCE)) are linked with low GB. However, with higher prosperity and lower Total Fertility Rate (TFR) GB rises sharply. Hence, the outlook for GB in the age group 0-6 appears bleak at least until 2026. There are wide variations in GB across various states, even districts. Both improved education of females in the age group 15-49 and higher prosperity lead to worsening of GB. However, at high values of the interaction of these two variables there is a turnaround in the trend of worsening GB. Policy conclusions are discussed.
dc.publisherRoutledge, Taylor & Francis Group
dc.sourceInternational Review of Applied Economics
dc.subjectKeywords: census; child welfare; demographic transition; female education; gender issue; household survey; India census; gender balance; growing prosperity; India; National Sample Survey
dc.titleIndia's gender bias in child population, female education and growing prosperity: 1951-2011
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume27
dc.date.issued2013
local.identifier.absfor140202 - Economic Development and Growth
local.identifier.ariespublicationf5625xPUB2104
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationJha, Raghbendra, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationChaudhri, D.P., Monash University
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage23
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage43
local.identifier.doi10.1080/02692171.2012.696592
local.identifier.absseo910202 - Human Capital Issues
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T08:54:11Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84871001895
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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