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Is the GATT/WTO's Article XXIV bad?

Mrazova, Monika; Vines, David; zissimos, Ben


The GATT/WTO Article XXIV prevents a customs union (CU) from raising its common external tariff. In this paper, we compare CU formation with and without this Article XXIV constraint. We show, in a multi-country oligopoly model, that for a given CU structure, Article XXIV improves world welfare by lowering trade barriers. However, we also show that Article XXIV has a composition effect on CU formation: it affects the endogenous choice of CUs. By encouraging more symmetric CUs, Article XXIV...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2013
Type: Journal article
Source: Journal of International Economics
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2012.07.007


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