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Cognitive-behavioural factors that predict sleep disturbance 4 years later

Gosling, John; Batterham, Philip; Christensen, Helen

Description

Objective: Cognitive models have identified a number of factors that maintain sleep disturbance. It is unknown whether similar factors lead to initial onset. This study tested whether three cognitive-behavioural factors: ruminative style, somatic sensitivity, and behavioural avoidance predicted sleep disturbance onset at four-year follow-up. Methods: Participants (n= 4,042) were assessed using a) a composite measure of Somatic Sensitivity, b) the Ruminative Style Scale, c) the Behavioural...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGosling, John
dc.contributor.authorBatterham, Philip
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, Helen
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T23:33:19Z
dc.date.available2015-12-10T23:33:19Z
dc.identifier.issn0022-3999
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/69236
dc.description.abstractObjective: Cognitive models have identified a number of factors that maintain sleep disturbance. It is unknown whether similar factors lead to initial onset. This study tested whether three cognitive-behavioural factors: ruminative style, somatic sensitivity, and behavioural avoidance predicted sleep disturbance onset at four-year follow-up. Methods: Participants (n= 4,042) were assessed using a) a composite measure of Somatic Sensitivity, b) the Ruminative Style Scale, c) the Behavioural Inhibition Scale of the BISBAS and d) sleep-related items from the Goldberg Depression and Anxiety Scale. Results: Sleep disturbance at 4. years was significantly predicted by all three cognitive-behavioural factors - somatic sensitivity, ruminative style and behavioural avoidance - and, in the final analysis, was independently predicted by somatic sensitivity (OR = 1.427, p<. 0.001) and ruminative style (OR = 1.035, p=. 0.002). Conclusion: This study tested whether three cognitive-behavioural factors: ruminative style, somatic sensitivity, and behavioural avoidance were predictive of the onset of sleep disturbance after 4. years. Although all three factors were significantly associated with the onset of sleep disturbance, only ruminative style and somatic sensitivity were found to independently predict sleep disturbance, supporting these constructs as predisposing cognitive-behavioural risk factors.
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.sourceJournal of Psychosomatic Research
dc.subjectKeywords: adult; article; avoidance behavior; Behavioural Inhibition Scale; cognition; female; Goldberg Depression and Anxiety Scale; human; longitudinal study; major clinical study; male; prediction; rating scale; risk factor; Ruminative Style Scale; sleep disorde Cognitive model; Maintenance; Predisposition; Sleep disturbance
dc.titleCognitive-behavioural factors that predict sleep disturbance 4 years later
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume73
dc.date.issued2012
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.absfor110319 - Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
local.identifier.ariespublicationf5625xPUB1964
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationGosling, John, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBatterham, Philip, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationChristensen, Helen, Black Dog Institute
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage424
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage429
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.08.011
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T08:52:12Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84869083131
local.identifier.thomsonID000311465500005
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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